streams

About the Author-Editor

Paul Sumner

  Since the twentieth century, I have adventurously navigated the Hebrew Bible and Hebrew currents within the New Testament. My journeys have been far-ranging, ongoing and existential.

My journey toward Homeland (echoing Hebrews 11:14) has been one of discovering and nourishing a Hebraic consciousness. It was deepened by trips to Israel, university and seminary studies, and especially by sitting under an elderly, wise, non-Jewish, Hebrew tutor.

last-times

One fruit of my explorations was a study paper I issued with my early discoveries: Yashar. Another was my graduate thesis on the Heavenly Council in the Hebrew Bible, Judaism, and New Testament.

The goal of this website is not original: it is to illustrate how the Hebrew Scriptures and New Testament form a unified message (Luke 24:44, 2 Timothy 3:16), focused on the God of Israel and his Messiah-Son (Yeshua of Nazareth), who share a common Hebrew Name that conveys God's unwavering purpose to save humankind from sin and death.

Two Traditions about the Center of Scripture:

א) As Rabbinic Judaism developed after the destruction of the Temple in AD/CE 70, official orthodox Jewish religion focused on God and Moses. Before then, in the Hebrew Bible, the center of faith is on God and his chosen son, King David (2 Samuel 23:1-5, Psalm 89:19-29, Psalm 2) — then on David's future Son: the Messiah (Isaiah 11:1-5, Jeremiah 23:5-6, Ezekiel 34:23-24).

) Among some branches of Christianity the center of faith veered away from the Hebrew and NT pattern of God-and-Messiah and became focused on Jesus alone. Today, he is often simply called God, Adonai, Jehovah, or even Abba Father.
      But within the boundaries of the New Testament, Jesus is "not alone." In fact, the NT centers on God the Father and on Jesus/Yeshua as God's pre-existent agent of creation; his Image, embodied Voice and Word; the tabernacle of his Spirit; his anointed Son, Servant, Prophet, High Priest, and Lord over all creation — as well as the human son of David.
      Throughout the NT, God and Yeshua are both the epicenter of revelation. Both are worshiped by humans and by spiritual beings (Colossians 3:17, Judah/Jude 25, Revelation 5:13-14). And both are bitterly opposed by the spirit of antichrist (1 John 2:22).

These conclusions are based on "Biblical Theology"—the internal contents and meanings of the Bible—not Rabbinic Talmudic tradition or Christian Systematic Theology. I start from 2 Timothy 3:16: "All Scripture is inspired by God"; in Hebrew: kol hakatuv nichtav beruach elohim (Franz Delitzsch translation).

If you wish, Contact me.
Ani Ma’amin


Kiddush beside Yam Kinneret (Sea of Galilee)
[Scene composed by Lucyna Paz, Ramat HaGolan, Israel]
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