Some years ago, a Messianic leader wanted to know what I "believed." He meant, I think: Were my beliefs kosher (orthodox) in the eyes of the Messianic community (which meant Evangelical Protestant Christianity).

When I told him I believed everything in Scripture (both portions) he wouldn't accept that. He wanted me to express my beliefs in succinct statements like those in the Early Christian Creeds or in one of the Modern Messianic Creeds, used by various Messianic Jewish organizations and congregations.

I'm not a professional religious leader, whose livelihood depends on public confession of a denominational creed or allegiance to a traditional ecclesiastical or rabbinic authority, so I feel no obligation to articulate a belief statement in formulas or language that are not expressly found in the Bible.

This attitude can trouble some professional religious leaders who want controversy-less conformity and a kosher status in the Christian world. Protecting their congregations and livelihood depends on "quiet."

For those who want to know what I believe, below are links to some—not all—of my beliefs, using Scripture texts. Those who want to know more, my study articles contain many of my convictions.

The photo at the end depicts a visual representation of my view of the centrality of Yeshua/Jesus' atoning Olah for the sake of his people and for all humankind.

Paul Sumner



Statement 1   (Forgiveness)
Statement 2   (1 John 2:22; 2 John 9)
Statement 3   (1 Corinthians 8:5-7)
Statement 4   (1 John 4:2)
Statement 5   (1 Peter 1:19-21)
Statement 6   (1 Timothy 2:5-6a)
Statement 7   (2 Corinthians 5:17)
Statement 8   (Acts 2:32, 36)
Statement 9   (Acts 4:10-12)
Statement 10  (Acts 5:30-31)
Statement 11  (Acts 7:55-56)
Statement 12  (Colossians 3:23-24)
Statement 13  (Colossians 3:17)
Statement 14  (Hebrews 7:24-25)
Statement 15  (Isaiah 11:10)
Statement 16  (Luke 2:30-32)
Statement 17  (Roman 11:13, 20-21)
Statement 18  (Romans 8:38-39)
Statement 19  (Titus 2, 3)
Statement 20  (Romans 1:16)
Statement 21  (John 1:3a; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:1, 2)
Statement 22  (Isaiah 26:19)
Statement 23  (2 Chronicles 32:7-8; 1 John 4:4)
Statement 24  (Hebrews 13:20-21)
Statement 25  (Hebrews 9:27-28)
Statement 26  (Romans 8:33-34)


"As you did it to one of the least of these my brothers,
You did it to ME."
(Matthew 25:40)